First, let's talk about the functions of a team. What roles does it play for the whole organization and for each individual employee?
What is the difference between teamwork and interpersonal interaction?
The very term "team" came to business from sports vocabulary. A team means a small group of three to twelve people who share a common goal or rules. Another important criterion here is an active interaction between the members.
Teamwork, respectively, refers to productive and efficient joint activities aimed at a certain result. A team, therefore, can be compared to an army that strives to defeat the enemy: in order to win, they must make a concerted effort. The common goal is the force that keeps a team together.
Characteristics of a team
The key characteristics of a team are defined as follows:
The above characteristics bring us to the conclusion that a team is something more than a simple interaction between people geographically close to one another. In contrast, colleagues sitting in the same office or working on the same project are not always a team.
Teamwork is the group effort of people centered around a shared task. Team management, hence, means working with an autonomous unit with its own rules and relationships.
Basic principles of a team
Most researchers identify the following principles of a team:
It has been proven that fewer members equals more efficiency. With teams of up to 5 people working faster, larger teams have more functionality. It is the roles and rules within a team that hold it together and make sure it functions effectively.
What makes a team better than cooperation?
A team has a higher efficiency compared to cooperation, which is widely used to improve the organization's overall performance. This necessitates leaders to know the basics of teamwork and team-building.
What makes a team so effective?
Every single person operates within his own limits of authority and knowledge. A team, being a mix of profiles and competencies, can come up with a non-standard idea, something that can only emerge at the junction of expertise. This, in fact, makes a team capable not only of finding the idea but also of its implementation.
Among other things, teamwork is the only way to achieve a synergistic effect. This means that a team working together produces a better effect on the company than if everyone would work on his or her own.
Besides, being a part of a team makes members less vulnerable to outside influence and therefore stronger.
With every idea being a subject of thorough discussion and comprehensive analysis, a team's final product consists of balanced decisions only. Such a detailed consideration greatly reduces the likelihood of possible errors.
The need to eliminate errors in teamwork arises from their increased visibility than when operating alone. After all, it's always harder to notice your own shortcomings.
All in all, a team is a segment that brings out the best in each employee. Team-building, therefore, appears to be the most advisable and logical course of action to take with the workforce.
Every team must follow the rules to exist and remain a team. Let's take a look at the basic ones:
Pros and cons of teamwork
Everything has its own advantages and disadvantages. With much attention already paid to the benefits, we still never touched on the drawbacks of teamwork. Now it's time to put the pros and cons together.
Benefits of teamwork:
But teamwork, unfortunately, doesn't come without drawbacks:
It's not uncommon for a team to produce a flawed result, spend time inefficiently, or never reach a common solution. There is a well-known saying: "A camel is a horse designed by a committee". This happens, however, only if team members fail to master the skills necessary. Fortunately, the situation can be remedied with training, business games, or coaching sessions.
ManGO! Games experts can create success factors to ensure effective teamwork within your company, as well as develop training programs and business games to strengthen the team spirit. Check out our portfolio for project cases and our YouTube channel to meet our coaches.